When you’re behind the wheel of a car – whether alone or with passengers – driving safely should always be your top concern. We’re more distracted than ever, so it’s crucial to know the basics of safe driving and practice them every time you’re on the road. Here are some safe driving tips:
Top 4 driving safety tips
1. Focus on driving
- Keep 100% of your attention on driving at all times – no multi-tasking.
- Don’t use your phone or any other electronic device while driving.
- Slow down. Speeding gives you less time to react and increases the severity of an accident.
2. Drive “defensively”
- Be aware of what other drivers around you are doing, and expect the unexpected.
- Assume other motorists will do something crazy, and always be prepared to avoid it.
- Keep a 2-second cushion between you and the car in front of you.
- Make that 4 seconds if the weather is bad.
3. Plan ahead
- Build time into your trip schedule to stop for food, rest breaks, phone calls or other business.
- Adjust your seat, mirrors and climate controls before putting the car in gear.
- Pull over to eat or drink. It takes only a few minutes.
4. Practice safety
- Secure cargo that may move around while the vehicle is in motion.
- Don’t attempt to retrieve items that fall to the floor.
- Have items needed within easy reach – such as toll fees, toll cards and garage passes.
- Always wear your seat belt and drive sober and drug-free.
More driving safety tips from Nationwide
- Don't allow children to fight or climb around in your car – they should be buckled in their seats at all times. Too much noise can easily distract you from focus on the road.
- Avoid driving when you're tired. Be aware that some medications cause drowsiness and make operating a vehicle very dangerous. Learn more about drowsy driving.
- Always use caution when changing lanes. Cutting in front of someone, changing lanes too fast or not using your signals may cause an accident or upset other drivers.
- Be extra careful while driving during deer season.
Common sense about safe driving
What to do after an accident
If you're in an accident, first make sure no one in the car is injured. Next, check on the passengers in the other vehicle, pedestrians and anyone else nearby to make sure they’re OK. Then do these five things:
- Stay at the scene. Leaving can result in legal consequences, like fines or additional violations.
- Call 911 or the local police immediately. They'll dispatch an officer and medical personnel to the scene of the accident. Once the cops arrive, wait for them to complete an accident report.
- If you're on a busy highway, stay inside the car and wait for the police or an ambulance. It's dangerous if passengers stand along a freeway or other road with lots of traffic.
- Don't get into an argument or a fight with the other driver. Simply exchange contact and insurance information. If possible, also get the name and phone numbers of witnesses.
- Call your insurance provider to report the claim. Your agent will ask you for any paperwork you receive about the accident, and will give you important information on getting your car fixed.
Find out more about what to do after an accident or a hit-and-run.
What to do when pulled over
If you notice that a police car is following you with the lights flashing, pull over to the side of the road safely and quickly. Wait inside your car for the officer to approach, and be prepared to:
- Turn on your interior light at night and keep your hands where the officer can see them, preferably on the steering wheel.
- Don't reach under your seat or into your glove box. This may cause the officer to think you're reaching for a weapon or hiding something.
- Give your license and proof of insurance to the officer if asked. If the officer asks you to step out of your car, do so without sudden or threatening movements.
- Stay calm − don't become argumentative, disorderly or abusive − and never attempt to bribe the officer.
- If a citation is issued, present your story in traffic court if you feel you’ve been unfairly treated. You may be represented by a lawyer and, if necessary, you'll be heard by a judge or magistrate.
Things to know about speeding & traffic laws
Some roadways are designated as low-speed zones. These include areas with high pedestrian traffic, such as school zones and streets lots of intersections close together. Driving over the speed limit can put you and others at risk of harm.
- Never pass a stopped bus displaying a stop sign to its left. That means children are crossing the street.
- If you hear a siren coming behind you, pull to the side if you can, stop and wait until the police car or fire truck goes by.
- Completely stop at stop signs and look for other drivers and pedestrians before you proceed.
- Obey the posted speed limit at all times. Speeding tickets are costly, and penalties for speeding can include fines, court appearances and loss or suspension of your driving privileges. Also, depending on your insurance policy, speeding tickets can raise your rates.
- When parking your vehicle, always be mindful of handicapped signs, fire hydrants, bus stop zones, parking restrictions for certain times of day, and parking spots that require permits. Just remember to heed all of the signs. Even if you have to circle the block a couple times, it sure beats getting fined or having your car towed.
All about DUI & DWI
Driving after drinking too much alcohol is known as Driving Under the Influence (DUI) or Driving While Intoxicated (DWI). Alcohol slows your reflexing, temporarily lowers your mental acuity and can thus compromise your ability to control a vehicle and drive it safely. And yes, even "buzzed driving" is still drunk driving and can be just as dangerous.
A DUI arrest can lead to expensive consequences, including spending time in jail, a suspended driver's license and fines. If you hit and/or kill someone while you are driving impaired, the consequences are even worse.
It's also illegal to have an open container of alcohol in your car. If you're transporting alcoholic beverages, they should be sealed and in the trunk.
All 50 states have now set .08% Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) as the legal limit for Driving Under the Influence, according to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS). For commercial drivers, it’s .04%. And if you’re under 21, it’s zero tolerance – any amount of alcohol is grounds for a DUI arrest.
In some cities, law enforcement officials set up sobriety checkpoints along the road to identify and deter impaired drivers. These are typically set up during holiday weekends or on dates when there might be more drinking and driving.
If you're stopped at a checkpoint, you'll be asked several questions and might be asked to perform a sobriety test (like saying the ABC's backwards, performing some physical movements or breathing into an alcohol sensor). If these tests show that you have high alcohol levels, the police may arrest you.
Winter driving tips
Winter brings all sorts of driving headaches: snow, freezing rain and slush, which all make the roads more hazardous. To handle the hassle of winter driving:
- First of all, buckle up. Basic car safety encourages the use of seat belts and car seats at all times. They're one of your best defenses in a crash. And it's the law.
- Use extra caution in areas that ice up quickly, especially intersections, shaded areas, bridges and overpasses.
- Get in the habit of regularly checking weather reports on TV or online so you can prepare for bad weather. On severe weather days, schools and workplaces might close or delay opening. Consider staying at home if you don't need to be on the road.
- Keep an emergency kit in the trunk of your car – including blankets, a first aid kit and jumper cables. Check out our full list of items for your emergency car kit.
- Make sure your cell phone is fully charged and that your car always has a full tank of gas.
When a driver uses bad judgment while operating a motor vehicle, the consequences can be tragic. It is difficult to come to terms with the fact that you or someone you love has become seriously injured or killed because a driver has ignored posted traffic signs or signals. This type of tragedy could have easily been avoided if that driver had simply observed the rules of the road like he or she is supposed to.
If you or a loved one has been hurt in an accident caused by a driver who ignored traffic signs or signals, you are likely very upset at that person’s lack of responsibility. In the meantime, there are probably medical bills piling up quickly while you are left dealing with your injuries. It’s also likely that the accident has led to missed work and wages as financial hardship is often one of the consequences of being seriously injured. You should contact a personal injury lawyer right away as you may be eligible for compensation to cover your expenses and other damages you’ve suffered.
Types of Traffic Signs and Signals
Throughout California, there are thousands of intersections, stretches of highways, back roads and streets which are marked with traffic signs and signals. Most crashes in the state take place at intersections due to high traffic volume and obvious dangers such as vehicles turning, changing lanes, stopping & starting and drivers changing speed. Some of these intersections are controlled by traffic lights, some by stop signs and others by yield signs.
Traffic signs and signals are posted in California for a reason. These signs and signals help keep order in traffic and they also are designed to reduce the number and severity of traffic accidents. When someone neglects to obey traffic signs and signals, they are putting themselves at risk as well as other drivers, their passengers and pedestrians. If you have been injured in an accident that was caused by a driver disregarding posted traffic signs or signals, you should speak with a California personal injury attorney as soon as possible. The negligent driver may be held liable for your injuries wherein you could receive monetary compensation for what has happened to you.
Many drivers choose to ignore construction zone warning signs in California. Each year, many accidents happen in construction zones due to drivers ignoring signs which tell them to stop, reduce their speed, change lanes, etc. Unfortunately, many victims of these types of accidents are construction workers themselves who were only doing their jobs.
School zone signs are posted near schools to warn drivers to slow down. While most of us know that it’s important to obey school zone speed limits, not every driver feels the same. When a careless driver chooses to drive through a school zone at regular or high speed, he or she is putting the lives of children, teachers and visitors at risk.
Why Drivers Ignore Traffic Signs and Signals
Intoxication – Unfortunately, in spite of strict drunk driving laws in California, many drivers still decide to operate their vehicles while intoxicated. It is very common for an intoxicated driver to choose to ignore traffic signs/signals or to simply not notice them due to them being impaired.
Driver thinks the signs are unnecessary – Some drivers believe that some traffic signs are simply not necessary. For instance, a driver could think that a yield sign at an intersection is not needed and instead of yielding, he/she simply drives straight ahead without checking for oncoming vehicles. This type of driver negligence can result in other drivers and their passengers becoming injured or killed.
They don’t believe they’ll be caught – It’s common for some drivers to think there’s little chances of them being caught by police for ignoring traffic signs and signals. This type of attitude is a dangerous one to have in traffic as doing something like disregarding a stop sign can easily lead to an accident that injuries or kills innocent people.
Law enforcement officers hear all types of excuses and stories when stopping drivers who’ve blatantly disregarded traffic signs and signals. Everyone who drives on California roads is required under law to obey all traffic laws and rules. Drivers who fail to do so are often the reasons horrific traffic accidents occur. Even the most cautious driver can be injured or killed by another driver who is using very poor judgment by disregarding traffic signs/signals.
Types of Accidents that Can Happen
When a driver chooses to ignore posted traffic signs or signals, he/she can easily be the reason an accident happens. Among the most common types of accidents that can occur when drivers ignore traffic signs and signals include:
Head-on collisions – A head-on collision is on that is caused when one vehicle strays into the path of another. This type of collision often has a poor outcome as those involved are often times seriously hurt or killed.
Intersection collisions – A crash at an intersection is a common type of accident caused by negligent drivers. An accident of this nature involves two vehicles that strike each other in an intersection. Accidents happening at intersections can be head-on collisions, side-impact collisions, rear-end collisions or multiple vehicle piles ups. Rollover accidents also can occur in intersections and especially when speed is a factor.
Vehicle-pedestrian accidents – When a driver fails to obey a traffic sign such as a stop or yield sign or a red light signal, he/she can very easily strike and injure pedestrians who are lawfully crossing the intersection or walking near the roadway. If speed happens to play a factor in this type of accident, the victims are often very seriously injured or killed as a human body is no match for a speeding car or motorcycle.
Types of Compensation
If you or someone you care about has been seriously injured due to a driver failing to obey a traffic sign or signal, you may be able to obtain compensation for:
- Projected medical expenses
While most drivers obey traffic signs and signals, there are many drivers who choose not to. Becoming injured unnecessarily because a driver chose to ignore the rules of the road is upsetting enough. But when you discover that you cannot pay for the medical care and treatment you need and those bills just keep coming in, you may feel more upset and even lost. That’s why you should contact an attorney that specializes in personal injury law. It’s likely that the driver who caused the accident can be held accountable for what has happened to you. You could end up receiving fair and just compensation for the accident which would assist you financially and help ensure that what happened to you, won’t happen to someone else.