Did you know that in many regions, unemployment among youth is easily 2-3 times higher than for adults. Especially in developing countries, the school-to-work transition can be a long and tedious process, during which young people leave school, become jobless and spend time moving between unemployment, inactivity and informal employment. In fact, youth have often been found to effectively act as a "buffer," absorbing shocks disproportionately during negative business cycles, but not benefiting accordingly during economic booms.
What is it like for youth in your country? And is the global financial crisis impacting the situation still further?
The World Bank's Y2Y Global Youth Conference is holding an essay contest on this topic, and wants your ideas on the questions:
What are the constraints to youth entrepreneurship in your country? Has the global crisis changed the dynamics? How can governments help young entrepreneurs to create and further develop their social and productive ventures?
For more info, visit the Y2Y Community website.
The World Bank International Essay Competition 2011 would like to hear your views on the opportunities, challenges and implications of youth migration.
If you're not sure you have much to say about migration, think again!
Nearly all young people are affected by migration in some way. Some are migrants themselves or are considering migrating abroad or within their home country. Others experience migration through the departure of friends or family members, and still others, in receiving countries, encounter the political debate on immigration and integration policies in their country and may experience cohabitation with new immigrants. Young people are major stakeholders in migration and yet youth are largely absent in the debate on international migration policies and the effects of migration on development.
Improvements in transportation, technology development and increased international trade, as well as issues such as unemployment, war, health and economic hardship have prompted more young people to migrate within and across national borders in search of work, education and a better quality of life. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) estimates that young people between 15 and 30 years of age account for about one-third of all migrants.
The competition welcomes students and non students alike, between the ages of 18 to 25 to submit an essay or video on the impact of migration (internal or international, from a sending or receiving country perspective) on youth. Cash prizes will be awarded for selected winners at the ABCDE conference in May in Paris, France. Deadline for submissions: March 17, 2011. All information can be found on the essay competition website: www.essaycompetition.org.